Part of: Reducing Demand for Vehicle Trips in Cities

Common Push TDM Strategies

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Parking management – 

  • Reduce the demand for parking, mainly by charging more for on-street parking spaces or applying dynamic pricing. 
  • Rotate the number of cars using parking spots by imposing a time limit on parking. 
  • Reforming parking policies (e.g., changing minimum to maximum requirements in zoning codes or unbundling parking costs from rents).

Congestion charging – Tax vehicles that enter a delimited urban area, usually the city center, to encourage drivers to avoid these areas or switch to alternate forms of transportation. 

License plate restrictions – Restrict some vehicles from transiting through certain areas of the city on specific days and/or times based on the number of their license plates (e.g., ending in an odd or even number).

Low-emission zones – Prohibit or limit vehicles with a certain level of emissions from designated areas. Usually the policy starts by focusing on the most polluting vehicles and gradually becoming more restrictive.

Trip Reduction Ordinances – Require organizations in the city to develop and implement strategies to change commuting habits. 

Parking management. Photo by Mariana Gil / WRI Brasil.

Congestion charging in London, United Kingdom. Photo by Nevilley / Wikimedia Commons.

License plate restriction in São Paulo, Brazil. Photo by Mariordo / Wikimedia Commons.

Low emission zone. Photo by EURIST e.V. / Flickr.