Studies from Guangzhou (China) and Philadelphia (U.S.) show how creating an equity index can help achieve equity in the spatial distribution of green infrastructure. However, if planning and implementation ignore socioeconomic conditions, well-intentioned actions may in some cases result in ‘green gentrification.’ For example, an investment in new street trees for a poor neighborhood could drive up property values, squeezing out lower income residents.*
Along with spatial equity, equitable access to a bundle of rights, such as the rights to trees, water, and benefits provided by inner forests should also be considered. Additionally, resources to implement and maintain green infrastructure projects in socio-economically disadvantaged areas may also be important to consider. For instance, homeowners may be more incentivized to maintain street and yard trees than short-term renters or rental property owners.
*See section on Affordability for more information.